http://journaljenrr.com/index.php/JENRR/issue/feed Journal of Energy Research and Reviews 2019-09-19T07:24:56+00:00 Journal of Energy Research and Reviews contact@journaljenrr.com Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Journal of Energy Research and Reviews (ISSN: 2581-8368)</strong>&nbsp;aims to publish high-quality papers (<a href="/index.php/JENRR/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all areas&nbsp;of energy generation, distribution, storage, management, production, conversion, conservation, systems, technologies and applications, and their impact on the environment and sustainable development. Articles related to the environmental, societal, and economic impacts of energy use and policy will also be considered.&nbsp;The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled,&nbsp;OPEN&nbsp;peer-reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> http://journaljenrr.com/index.php/JENRR/article/view/30097 Modelling Carbon Emissions Efficiency from UK Higher Education Institutions Using Data Envelopment Analysis 2019-09-10T10:39:12+00:00 Adefarati Oloruntoba pmjoo@leeds.ac.uk Japhet Tomiwa Oladipo <p><strong>Aims: </strong>To correlate the energy and carbon emission efficiency relative to research income, gross internal area, and population for all the Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) in the UK and to assess the comparative carbon emission efficiency of HEIs relative to economic metrics.</p> <p><strong>Study Design:</strong>&nbsp; Analytical panel data study.</p> <p><strong>Place and Duration of Study:</strong> This paper evaluates the energy efficiency of 131 HEIs in the UK subdivided into Russell and non-Russell groups from 2008 to 2015.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) and Malmquist productivity indexes (MPI) are used for the efficiency calculations.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The empirical results indicate that UK HEIs have relatively high energy efficiency scores of 96.9% and 77.6% (CRS) and 98.5%, 86.3% (VRS) for Russell and non-Russell groups respectively.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The evidence from this study reveals that HEIs are not significantly suffering from scale effects, hence, an increase in energy efficiency of these institutions is feasible with the present operating scale but would need to work on their technical improvements in energy use. Malmquist index analysis confirms the lack of substantial technological innovation, which impedes their energy efficiency and productivity gain. Findings show that pure technical efficiency accounts for the annual efficiency obtained in the DEA model, the technological progress in contrast is the source of their energy inefficiency.</p> 2019-09-10T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://journaljenrr.com/index.php/JENRR/article/view/30098 Design of Stand-alone Solar-Wind-Hydro Based Hybrid Power System: Case of Rural Village in Malawi 2019-09-19T07:24:56+00:00 Sylvester W. Chisale schisale@must.ac.mw Zaki Sari <p>Malawi has current electrification rate of less than 10% for a population of 18 million connected to the grid. The electricity generation company in Malawi (EGENCO) is greatly affected by low water levels making it difficult to satisfy the existing demand of electricity. This makes it difficult for Malawi to extend its National electricity grid. Thus, the aim of the study is to design stand-alone hybrid renewable energy system which is economically and technically feasible with focus on hydropower, wind, solar and battery bank within Dwangwa area. The study area is estimated to have 420 households, commercial and public service load with primary load demand of 5,556.31 kWh/day and peak load of 302.93 kW. River discharge data were collected from ministry of irrigation and water development while solar and wind data were collected from NASA. HOMER modeling tool was used to design a stand-alone system. From simulation results, the best design flow for Dwangwa river is 159 L/s at elevation of 100 metres and the best hybrid system combination was hydropower-wind-solar-battery and converter. The whole hybrid system initial capital cost was $2,662,638 while Net present cost (NPC) and levelized cost of energy (LCOE) were $3,597,197 and $0.134/kWh respectively. However, the cost of electricity in Malawi on the grid is K88.02/kWh ($0.11/kWh) which makes the system expensive. Therefore, the study has shown that the hybrid system is not economically viable. However, Government intervention can help to make the system monetarily acceptable and viable.</p> 2019-09-12T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://journaljenrr.com/index.php/JENRR/article/view/30099 A Circular Light Bulb Economy: Framework for Sustainable End-of-life Management of Modern Light Bulb 2019-09-19T07:24:55+00:00 S. Selvam Shivinder Singh Chandok shivinder.chandok@gmail.com Harsh Singh <p>This paper presents a framework that focuses on transitioning from a linear light bulb economy to a circular light bulb economy by developing a closed<strong>-</strong>loop system of reuse. The conceptual framework is based on a pilot study conducted in India and strengthened by a comprehensive review and analysis of relevant literature. Accordingly, the proposed paradigms are a result of best practices identified during the pilot study. The results demonstrate the financial viability of the pilot study conducted over a period of three years. Additionally, the results provide evidence of the impact of the circular economy on economic growth, employment opportunity, and reduction in environmental waste. The discussion also identifies the barriers to the adoption of a circular economy framework including the role of attitude towards the environment and the skill gap in labor.</p> 2019-09-17T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##