Journal of Energy Research and Reviews http://journaljenrr.com/index.php/JENRR <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Journal of Energy Research and Reviews (ISSN: 2581-8368)</strong>&nbsp;aims to publish high-quality papers (<a href="/index.php/JENRR/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all areas&nbsp;of energy generation, distribution, storage, management, production, conversion, conservation, systems, technologies and applications, and their impact on the environment and sustainable development. Articles related to the environmental, societal, and economic impacts of energy use and policy will also be considered.&nbsp;The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled,&nbsp;OPEN&nbsp;peer-reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> en-US contact@journaljenrr.com (Journal of Energy Research and Reviews) contact@journaljenrr.com (Journal of Energy Research and Reviews) Sat, 21 Sep 2019 10:58:28 +0000 OJS 3.1.1.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Feasibility Study for a Biogas Plant in Jordan http://journaljenrr.com/index.php/JENRR/article/view/30104 <p>This research was conducted to estimate the economic feasibility of establishing biogas plant from dairy farms manure in Al-Dlail district (Zarqa governorate). Biogas is a mixture of gas consisting of 50-70% of methane and carbon dioxide 30-45%, and other gases and water that resulted from the digestion of the biomass process with the absence of oxygen. It is used as a fuel source in many countries for the purposes of lighting and cooking. Biogas is a clean and renewable form of energy that can be sustainable solutions of large organic waste produced in animal farms and reduces the harmful environmental pollution. Also, it can be an opportunity to invest and make profits. Data for this research was collected by desk research, survey and interviews. The respondents were 31 dairy farmers; the interview included the Jordan Biogas plant manager, owners of manure plants, heads of cattle breeders associations and stakeholders in government organization. The collected data were analyzed by using SPSS, 5P's analysis, PESTEC Analysis and Canvas model to come up with a clear picture about the feasibility of biogas utilization in Zarqa governorate. The study showed the tremendous environmental pollution that happened in Al-Dlail and Al-Khaldiah areas due to the poor management of cattle farms manure, causing air, soil ground and surface water pollution. As a solution to this problem, the study showed that the most appropriate solution to this problem is to exploit these manure in the production of energy from biogas as a sustainable, and environment-friendly project. The research also included the size of the feedstock of the manure produced from cattle farms, the availability of the necessary technology to build a project of this plant, the availability of markets for its products and the legislative framework governing the renewable energy projects represented by the Ministry of Energy. The study concluded that it is possible to establish a medium-sized biogas plant. The recommendation is to facilitate government procedures for investors in renewable energy and the promotion of environmental awareness between farmers and pay more attention to the management of livestock waste by creation waste management departments in government institutions.</p> Zainab Alhammad ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://journaljenrr.com/index.php/JENRR/article/view/30104 Wed, 09 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0000 A Comparative Life Cycle Assessment of Energy Use in Major Agro-processing Industries in Nigeria http://journaljenrr.com/index.php/JENRR/article/view/30102 <p>A comparative assessment of environmental impacts associated with the use of energy in palm kernel oil production and cashew nut processing industries was carried out using life cycle assessment. One Kg of products from both industries was chosen as the functional unit. The gate – to – gate life cycle assessment results indicated that the total contribution per functional unit to global warming potential (GWP), abiotic depletion potential (ADP) and acidification potential (AP) were 50.2809 g of CO<sub>2</sub> equivalents, 0.1524 g antimony equivalents and 0.1280 g of SO<sub>2 </sub>equivalents respectively for palm kernel oil production and 39.8350 g of CO<sub>2</sub> equivalents, 0.1209 g antimony equivalents and 0.0957 g of SO<sub>2 </sub>equivalents respectively for cashew nut processing. The scenario-based results indicated substantial reductions for all the considered impact categories; approximately 18, 28 and 94% reductions were achieved for ADP, GWP and AP respectively for both industries when public power supply from the natural grid was the main energy source for agricultural production. Increasing the thermal efficiency of the nation’s existing power architecture resulted into 62 and 56% reductions for GWP and ADP respectively for the two industries, while additional 6 and 7% reductions were achieved for both impact categories when the transmission and distribution loss was maintained at 5%. The widespread adoption of clean and renewable energy sources, instead of over-reliance on electricity supply from diesel-powered generator, has been identified as a feasible alternative towards achieving sustainability in the agro-processing industry.</p> Hammed Adeniyi Salami ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://journaljenrr.com/index.php/JENRR/article/view/30102 Sat, 21 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0000 Design and Performance Evaluation of Energy Efficient Biomass Gasifier Cook Stove Using Multi Fuels http://journaljenrr.com/index.php/JENRR/article/view/30103 <p>Since the beginning of civilization, cooking has been done by using biomass as fuel. They are used in stoves which cause wastage of fuel and also health problems. Thus, there is the need to analyze the thermal performance of a developed cook stove that operates on multifuel conditions. The stove was designed to work on sawdust, wood, groundnut and charcoal as the primary fuel. Prior to fabrication, design parameters were obtained using the appropriate governing equations. Inputs were further made to simplify the construction of the stove and to minimize heat loss to the surroundings<strong>. </strong>A thermal efficiency of 32.18%, 80.10%, 38.73% and 50.33% was achieved when the stove was fuelled with charcoal, sawdust, wood and groundnut husk respectively. The highest flame temperature was recorded as 205ºC when wood was used as fuel. The highest stove body temperature recorded was 56ºC. Wood took the shortest time (20 mins) to boil water compared to sawdust, charcoal and groundnut husk which took 29, 23 and 27 minutes respectively for 2 kg of water. The developed cook stove was found to be energy efficient for domestic cooking especially in the rural communities of Nigeria.&nbsp; Although it has the potential to save fuel, further research could be carried out in the aspect of removing CO emission.</p> Isaac F. Odesola, Ebenezer O. Ige, Idris O. Yunus ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://journaljenrr.com/index.php/JENRR/article/view/30103 Tue, 01 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0000 A Real Options Model to Value Offshore Wind Power Project under Market Linkage Mechanism http://journaljenrr.com/index.php/JENRR/article/view/30105 <p>This study puts forward a real options model and uses it to evaluate the investment value of offshore wind power project under market co-movement effect. The main purpose is to check investment benefit of offshore wind power project, as an investor. Several uncertainties are taken into account, including investment costs, feed-in tariffs, carbon prices and policy subsidy. Moreover, an additional uncertain factor, i.e. the market linkage of investment costs, is considered. As a case study, Jiangsu Xiangshui offshore wind park is used to illustrate the model in scenario analysis. Using a least-squares Monte Carlo simulation method, we obtain that the project value is negative. Therefore investors should abandon or postpone investment until better conditions prevail. Furthermore, this paper shows sensitivity analysis of the impact of uncertain factors on the project value. Especially sensitivity analysis of variable costs, it shows a certain impact on project value in here, which has been ignored in previous real options studies. The research results would be helpful for renewable energy project assessment and the decision-making process associated with it.</p> Yiqing Li, Weiguo Yang, Lixin Tian ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://journaljenrr.com/index.php/JENRR/article/view/30105 Thu, 24 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0000 Local Content Implementation Enhancement through Infrastructure Development in Ghana’s Oil and Gas Industry http://journaljenrr.com/index.php/JENRR/article/view/30106 <p>Since the discovery of oil and gas (O&amp;G) in commercial quantities in 2007, Ghana has made some progress in passing several policies such as Local Content and Participation Framework, ostensibly to stem the effects of resource curse – connotes countries with more natural resources turned to be undeveloped than countries without natural resources. Put it differently, the country’s local content is meant to stimulate industry development by indigenizing the needs of the petroleum industry. However, the above aim is constrained by the country’s infrastructure deficit of about US$ 2.5 billion annually needed to provide the enabling environment for the growth of indigenous companies. The study, therefore, is to propose policy options for enhancing local content implementation through infrastructure development. To that end, the policy implementation in Angola, Brazil and Norway is reviewed, and the research participants are purposively sampled and interviewed. Consequently, the study found that the regulatory institutions and legal framework should be strengthened to attract private investment in infrastructure development. In addition, a special provision should be inserted in future petroleum contracts to support the Infrastructure Fund; through infrastructure-for-oil trade; and encouraging voluntary contribution from oil companies in exchange for reduced taxes into the Infrastructure Fund. The findings contribute to the existing literature in local content development by moving the discussion from training, local employment and goods and services targets to developing host country’s local infrastructure for sustainable development of indigenous and foreign businesses.</p> Kwadwo Ayeh Obiri, Bassam Bjeirmi, Prince Boateng ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://journaljenrr.com/index.php/JENRR/article/view/30106 Thu, 07 Nov 2019 00:00:00 +0000