Processing of Wild Sunflower with Different Moisture Contents into Solid Bio Fuel

Fabie T. Dummapi

Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, College of Engineering and Applied Technology, Benguet State University, Philippines.

Jacqueline I. Liniasan

Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, College of Engineering and Applied Technology, Benguet State University, Philippines.

Marvin T. Valentin *

Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, College of Engineering and Applied Technology, Benguet State University, Philippines.

Milagros B. Onalan

Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, College of Engineering and Applied Technology, Benguet State University, Philippines.

Leonardo D. Dumalhin

Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, College of Engineering and Applied Technology, Benguet State University, Philippines.

Marlon N. Galad

Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, College of Engineering, Central Luzon State University, Philippines.

Daniel Ciolkosz

Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, College of Agricultural Sciences, College of Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA.

Algirdas Jasinskas

Institute of Agricultural Engineering and Safety, Vytautas Magnus University, Lithuania.

Eva J. Kelly

Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, College of Engineering and Applied Technology, Benguet State University, Philippines.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Wild sunflower with moisture contents of 16%, 12% and 8% was densified without the addition of binding agent. The physical properties of the formed briquettes such as mass, dimensions, volume, density and shattering resistance were evaluated. Thermal properties like ignition time, burning time, ash content, and thermal fuel efficiency by means of boiling test were also evaluated.

Wild Sunflower stems were gathered and shredded using locally fabricated biomass shredder available at the Research Office of Benguet State University, and were processed into the desired size and moisture contents. Right after the briquetting operation, the physical properties of the briquette were measured and then stored in a zip bag for 24 hours. After the storage, same measurement was conducted.

Results show that the influence of moisture contents on the average mass, dimension, shattering resistance, volume and density was statistically insignificant. The wild sunflower with moisture content of 16% had the highest shattering resistance of 88.85%. Furthermore, the influence of moisture content on the thermal properties like ignition time, burning time and ash content are statistically insignificant. Among the moisture contents, the fastest ignition time of 43.75 sec with longest burning time was recorded under 12%. Ash content was also lowest at 12%.

Keywords: Wild sunflower, moisture content, pressure, briquette, and thermal efficiency.


How to Cite

Dummapi, F. T., Liniasan, J. I., Valentin, M. T., Onalan, M. B., Dumalhin, L. D., Galad, M. N., Ciolkosz, D., Jasinskas, A., & Kelly, E. J. (2021). Processing of Wild Sunflower with Different Moisture Contents into Solid Bio Fuel. Journal of Energy Research and Reviews, 7(2), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.9734/jenrr/2021/v7i230185

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