Optimization of Hybrid Wind and Solar Power Generator at Izazi, Tanzania
Journal of Energy Research and Reviews,
Solar can be converted directly into electrical energy by using solar photovoltaic (PV) which convert solar radiation by the photoelectric effect, wind energy can be converted into electrical energy by using alternator coupled with a wind turbine. Solar power system consists of solar panels, solar PV cells and batteries for storing DC energy. Solar energy is available only during the day time whereas wind energy is available throughout the day; it is only depending upon the atmospheric conditions. Wind and solar are complimentary to each other and therefore makes the system more reliable throughout the year. The study at Izazi village, Iringa – Tanzania shows that the available solar energy and wind energy are potential and sufficient for solar-wind hybrid technology. Using the data obtained from NASA for local wind and solar resources for Izazi village Iringa, Tanzania. The simulation using homer analysis software, shows that to reach the minimum cost, the solar PV modules should contribute more energy than wind turbine. The optimization results obtained therefore shows the solar-wind hybrid system can provide a solution for supplying electricity at Izazi. This model result from Izazi village can be applied easily to other villages with similar environmental condition .
- solar power
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