Impact Analysis of Noise Pollution on Human-Health: A Case Study of Southern Region of Nigeria

Ohaeri E. C. *

Institute of Natural Resources, Environment and Sustainable Development, University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.

Obafemi A. A.

Department of Geography, University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Noise pollution, though not a new problem, has increased in recent times in reflection of human activities. Noise is an unpleasant sound capable of causing psychological and physiological problems for human health and society. This study aimed to assess the impact of noise pollution on the health of residents in the capital cities of Calabar, Port Harcourt, Uyo and Yenagoa. Data was obtained through a structured questionnaire designed to get firsthand information from respondents on variables such as socioeconomic characteristics, noise effect, neighbourhood noise awareness and sources. Across all the cities, multiple choices of noise were picked by the respondents, mostly vehicular traffic and generating plants. Mental stress (16.6%) was reported as the common effect of noise pollution, followed by distraction and lack of concentration to work (13.4%), while the least effect was a risk of accident (2.1%), followed by speech interference (1.8%). Thus, it is recommended that cities with high noise generation activities should adopt noise pollution regulation policies and also have potential mitigation measures in place, which should include noise-absorbing structures.

Keywords: Noise pollution, health, impact, mental stress, distraction


How to Cite

Ohaeri E. C., and Obafemi A. A. 2024. “Impact Analysis of Noise Pollution on Human-Health: A Case Study of Southern Region of Nigeria”. Journal of Energy Research and Reviews 16 (2):1-8. https://doi.org/10.9734/jenrr/2024/v16i2332.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Darbyshire JL, Muller-Trapet M, Cheer J, Fazi FM, Young JD. Mapping sources of noise in an intensive care unit. Anaesthesia. 2019;74(1):1018-1025. Available:http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/anae.14690

Idoko AA, Igboro BS, Sani BS, Umar AA, Stephen JI. Public perception on environmental noise pollution: A case study in Zaria city, Kaduna state, Nigeria. Environmental Health Engineering and Management Journal. 2021;9(2):135-145.

World Health Organization. Health risk assessment of air pollution: General principles.. Retrieved 27th August, 2023, from The Regional Office for Europe of the World Health Organization; 2016. Available:https://apps.who.int/iris/ handle/10665/329677

World Health Organization. Environmental noise guidelines for the European Region.. Retrieved 27th August, 2023 from The Regional Office for Europe of the World Health Organization; 2018. Available:https://apps.who.int/iris/ handle/10665/279952

World Health Organization. Burden of disease from environmental noise: Quantification of healthy life years lost in Europe. World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe. 2011. Retrieved 27th August, 2023 from

Stansfeld SA, Berglund B, Clark C, Lopez-Barrio I, Fischer P, Ohrström E, Haines MM, Head J, Hygge S, van Kamp I, Berry BF. RANCH study team. Aircraft and road traffic noise and children's cognition and health: A cross-national study. Lancet (London, England). 2005;365(9475):1942–1949. Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(05)66660-3

Leon BG, Berglind N, Nordling E, Rosenlund M. Road traffic noise and hypertension. Occupational and environmental medicine. 2007;64(2):122–126. Available:https://doi.org/10.1136/oem.2005.025866

Gidlöf-Gunnarsson A, Öhrström E. Noise and well-being in urban residential environments: the potential role of perceived availability to nearby green areas. Landscape and Urban Planning. 2007;83(2-3):115-126.

National Population Commission (NPC). Nigeria National Census: Population Distribution by Sex, State, LGAs and Senatorial District: 2006 Census Priority Tables. 2006;3

Retrieved 27th August Available:http://www.population.gov.ng/index.php/publication/140-popn-distri-by-sex-state-jgas-and-senatorial-distr-2006

Shehu TW, Sawyerr OH, Ibrahim LM. Occupation noise exposure and hearing impairment among grain millers in Ita-Amo Market, Ilorin Metropolis, Kwara State, Nigeria. Journal of Advances in Medicine and Medical Research. 2020;31(11):1-10.

Ogbodo UEE, Oyegun CU, Elenwo EI. Residents’ adaptation and management strategies to noise pollution in Capital cities in south- south, Nigeria. International Journal of Progressive Research in Science and Engineering. 2021;2(9):57-66.

Tunde AM, Abdulquadri S. Environmental noise pollution and its impacts on the hearing ability of men and women in Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria. Tanzania Journal of Science. 2021;47(5): 1517-1529. Available:https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/tjs.v47i5.3

2021 report on international religious freedom: Nigeria. Available:https://www.state.gov/reports/2021-report-on-international-religious-freedom/nigeria/

Farooqi ZUR, Sabir M, Zeeshan N, Murtaza G, Hussain MM, Ghani MU. Vehicular noise pollution: Its environmental implications and strategic control. In. Ersoy S, Waqar T. (Eds.), Autonomous Vehicle and Smart Traffic. IntechOpen; 2020. Retrieved 27th August, 2023 Available:https://doi.org/10.5772/intechopen.85707

Ugbebor JN, Yorkor B. Assessment and evaluation of noise pollution levels in selected Sawmill factories in port Harcourt, Nigeria. International Journal on Emerging Technologies. 2015;6(2):01-08.

Onwuka SU, Ezigbo CM, Eneche PS. U. Assessment of noise pollution from power generating sets: A case Study of Nnewi-North L.G.A, Nigeria. Journal of Scientific Research & Reports. 2017;16(3); 1-12.

Datti YA, Okonkwo HN. Assessment of noise pollution from power generating sets in Robinson (Gbagi) Plaza at Effurun, Delta State. International Journal of Research and Sustainable Development. 2020;7(1):1-8.

Basner M, Babisch W, Davis A, Brink M, Clark C, Janssen S, Stansfeld S. Auditory and non-auditory effects of noise on health. Lancet (London, England). 2014;383(9925):1325–1332. Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(13)61613-X

Münzel T, Sørensen M, Schmidt F, Schmidt E, Steven S, Kröller-Schön S, Daiber A. The Adverse Effects of Environmental Noise Exposure on Oxidative Stress and Cardiovascular Risk. Antioxidants & redox signaling. 2018;28(9):873–908. Available:https://doi.org/10.1089/ars.2017.7118

Akpan AO, Onuu MU, Menkiti AI, Asoquo UE. Measurements and analysis of industrial noise and its impact workers in Akwa Ibom State, South-Eastern Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Physics. 2003;15(2): 41- 45.

Oguntunde PE, Okagbue HI, Oguntunde OA, Odetunmibi OO. A study of noise pollution measurements and possible effects on public health in Ota Metropolis, Nigeria. Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences. 2019;7(8): 1391-1395.