Modification of Growth Media for Scenedesmus and Nitchzer Species for Fatty Acid Methyl Esters Production in Raceway Pond

Muhammad, H *

Department of Biology, Sa’adatu Rimi University of Education, Kumbotso, Kano State, Nigeria.

H.M. Maishanu

Department of Plant Science, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Sokoto, Nigeria.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The aim of this study was to modify the growth media for Scenedesmus and Nitchzia species for fatty acid methyl esters production in raceway pond. Native Scenedesmus and Nitchzia species were cultivated in raceway pond in three different growth media (Nitrogen-sufficient, Nitrogen-deficient and Blue Green 11) media at different periods to assess their quantitative parameters (biomass concentration (g/L), biomass productivity (g/L/d), lipid content (%), and lipid productivity (mg/L/d) as well as their fatty acid methyl esters composition. The quantitative parameters were determined following standard methods and the fatty acid methyl esters composition was analysed by Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS). The results of the quantitative parameters obtained from Scenedesmus species were highest in the Blue Green 11 (control) media as compared to the experimental media. Statistically, there is significant difference (p<0.05) in the lipid content obtained from Scenedesmus species between the Blue Green 11 media and the experimental media. The biomass concentration and lipid content obtained from Nitchzia species were also found to be highest in Blue Green 11 media as compared to the other two media. However, the lipid content obtained from Nitchzia species in the three different media showed insignificant difference (p>0.05). Scenedesmus and Nitchzia species did not respond to nitrogen deficiency condition. The Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry analysis of the fatty acid methyl esters composition revealed the presence of similar compounds in different proportion. The dominant compound of the fatty acid methyl esters of the two species in the three different media are Hexadecanoic acid methyl ester ((palmitic acid)), 9-octadecenoic acid (Z) methyl ester ((oleic acid) and 9, 12-octadecadienoic acid methyl ester (linolenic acid) among others. The Carbon16-Carbon18 (C16-C18) chain in Scenedesmus and Nitchzia species ranges from 74.14-61.84% and 63.81-61.98% respectively. These could suggest that both species have a great potential for the production of fatty acid methyl esters in large scale cultivation.

Keywords: Growth Media, Scenedesmus species, Nitchzer species, fatty acid methyl esters, raceway Pond


How to Cite

H, Muhammad, and H.M. Maishanu. 2024. “Modification of Growth Media for Scenedesmus and Nitchzer Species for Fatty Acid Methyl Esters Production in Raceway Pond”. Journal of Energy Research and Reviews 16 (7):1-14. https://doi.org/10.9734/jenrr/2024/v16i7358.

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